KHAZAI Rug Cleaning 100% Green Cleaning Experts Thu, 09 May 2019 19:55:39 +0000 en-US hourly 1 KHAZAI Rug Cleaning 32 32 159961330 Rug Cleaning through the Ages Tue, 30 Apr 2019 17:42:27 +0000 The post Rug Cleaning through the Ages appeared first on KHAZAI Rug Cleaning.


From Tea Leaves to Suction Sweepers

Rug Cleaning Through the Ages

Rug Cleaning

In 2019, most people who need their rug cleaned prefer to call a professional. Can’t blame you–I’m not much for scrubbing myself. But, back in the day, you didn’t always have the option.

So how did people clean their rugs?

Buckle up folks cause I’m about to share some cool and crazy cleaning methods from the 19th century to the 21st. Who knows, maybe this will motivate you to try some out when you’re spring cleaning?

Half Baked Ideas

The year is 1827. Some rug wisdom seems the same. For example, the best way to start cleaning your rug is to beat out dirt and dust. Lemon is a handy cleaner for certain stains–so handy in fact that people still use it to this day! Something a little less familiar is the method for removing grease stains:

Scrub with bread.

Rug Cleaning

It makes a certain amount of sense. Bread is absorbent. We love how it soaks up butter and sauce–If you don’t wipe up the last of that marinara with your roll, you’re just not living right. Presumably soaking up a grease stain works on a similar principle.

This antique cleaning method called for a hot loaf of white bread. First, you rinse the affected spot with cold water. Then, you cut your bread lengthwise, separating the top and bottom into equal halves. Finally, you use the exposed interior to clean thoroughly. In the end, even if this strategy works, it feels like a lot of effort, and a waste of bread.

On the other hand, if it makes your rug smell like a bakery, maybe it’s worth it?

The Grass is Always Greener

Sweeping your rug is another method of cleaning. However, it can only do so much, and rugs might still end up smelling musty. In 1863, a common solution was sprinkling tea leaves on the carpet before you swept. This method wasn’t perfect however, as the tea leaves could cause staining.

Another option was fresh cut grass.

Rug Cleaning

Supposedly, lawn trimmings were less likely to leave stains, and better at preventing dust accumulation. They could even brighten the colors of the rug!

Of course, the idea of sweeping a rug at all isn’t particularly popular anymore. In modern times, you can still use the old wisdom of sprinkling tea leaves. The difference is that, after letting them sit for about ten minutes, they are vacuumed up instead of swept. Presumably, one could try the same with grass cuttings!

But then again, this might just invite hay fever.

Gall of Ox and Horn of Hart

Today, we’re used to scientific and artificial cleaners. Spray bottles in bright colors with foaming action and adjustable nozzles. But, chemical cleaners have been around for a long time. Cleaning solutions in 1879 felt more like potion making than science, but there is a method to the madness!

Rug Cleaning

Spot cleaners in 1879 used ox-gall. What is gall? Well, to put it simply, the contents of the gallbladder. In the case of cows, this contains cholesterol, lecithin, taurocholic acid, and glycocholic acid. As you may have guessed, ox-gall is gall, harvested from an ox. Ew.

This chemical is still used today, in varying types of artwork. Though harvesting methods are a bit more sanitary, the source is the same.

Again I say: Ew.

Some tougher spots like ink required different types of cleaner. You have probably heard of ammonia based cleaners. As it turns out, these were also used in the old days! In this time, one such popular cleaning solution was Hartshorn. Which is to say, a cleaner made from the horn of a hart, or deer.

Hartshorn today still refers to the ammonium carbonate used in smelling salts, or the solution of these salts in water–But it’s not usually gathered by extracting essences from antlers.

Burn Baby Burn

1884 is a more civilized time. We have learned by now that bread is not the best way to pull out a grease stain. Instead, we pack pipe clay into the rug, for a similar absorption process. But just because things are more civilized, doesn’t mean we’re wiser. In 1884, a popular treatment for rugs to remove moth eggs and worms was Naphtha.

Naphtha happens to be highly flammable.

Rug Cleaning

To me, it doesn’t seem like a good idea to soak your rug in flammable chemicals. It seems like an even worse idea at a time when most lighting came from open flame. But I suppose burning your house to the ground would definitely get rid of any moths.

A Nifty New Invention

My favorite part of this research definitely has been reading resources from 1920. Why? Aside from a general love of the time period and language, it was fun to read about this hip new thing: vacuum cleaners.

Rug Cleaning

It’s hard to imagine a time without vacuum cleaners, but every old thing was once new.

It’s worth noting that vacuums in this time were not the same as the vacuums of today. They also varied greatly in design. One of my favorites consisted of a giant, stationary machine in the basement. From there, tubes ran all over the house so you could clean in every room.

The big unifying factor of these kooky inventions was the idea of suction. Sweeping or dusting tended just to kick up the dirt and move it somewhere else. Now, it could be efficiently disposed of.

But it’s still pretty gross to clean out the bag.


You would think today’s wisdom has changed a great deal from way back when. However, the more things change, the more they stay the same. It turns out, for all the new techniques we’ve learned through the years, beating a rug is still the best solution for cleaning. We’ve just gotten a bit more efficient.

Rug Cleaning

Professional rug cleaners use machines like this to beat the rug. These ‘badgers’ kick the back of the rug with automated feet, to dislodge the deepest dirt and dust. This is much more effective than vacuuming or sweeping, methods which only pull up the dirt on the surface.

From there, natural cleaning products and water are used to wash and rinse the rug, in an entirely green process.

It’s great to see that traditional wisdom is still being used today, and that sometimes an old dog really doesn’t need new tricks. It’s even greater to see that we can learn and change, updating old methods and abandoning some less savory options. Who knows what the future will bring, to rug cleaning or to life in general?

There are more articles to read in our blog section!

Source for the information in this article can be found here!

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4 Tips to Keep Your Rug Looking Its Best Wed, 25 Apr 2018 11:47:32 +0000 The post 4 Tips to Keep Your Rug Looking Its Best appeared first on KHAZAI Rug Cleaning.


4 Tips to Keep Your Rug Looking Its Best

When you have your rug cleaned with us, your rug will look brand new when we return it to you. It will also smell better than ever before. The colors and patterns in the weave are brighter and more vibrant. And even better, is that it feels terrific under your feet. You’ll want to keep that new-like condition for as long as possible, although this might seem impossible with all of the activity it gets on a daily basis. So what can you do to help maintain that just-cleaned look and feel? Our experts have five pro tips to help keep your rug looking as good as new.

1. Keep shoes off of it

We put this tip as number 1 for a reason. We suggest that you make it a habit when removing your shoes when you walk in from the outside. There is no denying that shoes are hard on rugs. Think of all of the dirt and debris that comes in from your shoes. All of this gets down into the foundation of your rug.  When you wear shoes on your rug, you can wear them out much faster and diminish the color. By making your home a no-shoe zone and providing plenty of storage for shoes right by the front door, you will set an excellent example for children and guests by taking off your shoes as soon as you walk inside, too. This tip is so important we actually wrote an entirely separate blog about it. You can check it out here (10 Reason to take your shoes off in your home )

2. Give it a good beating

Your Grandma was right when she used to take the rug outside and beat it from the back. We’re not encouraging violence. However, your rug does need a thorough beating at least three times a year.

The reason for beating your rug from the back is to loosen up all of the dirt and debris from the fibers of the rug. You will then be able to vacuum the rug and get it cleaner because all of the dirt is loose now and therefore will be easily sucked up by the vacuum.  Our suggestion is to bring your smaller rugs out back and hang them on a clothesline or over a porch and give them a good beating from the back. If your rug is too big to move outside easily, it’s best to let a professional take care of the cleaning for you. We offer free pickup and delivery and will even move your furniture for you.

3. Turn it once a year

One of your rugs biggest enemies is fading, which is caused by too much time in the sun. Too much sun can cause your rug to look faded and washed out.  Fading is going to be inevitable for most rug owners unless you keep your curtains closed all of the time. The best thing is to ensure that the rug fades evenly. That way the colors are consistent all the way through, and there are no obvious fading spots. In order to achieve this,  you’ll want to rotate your rug once a year and allow it to fade naturally in the sunlight.

Oriental rug in the sun

4. Sprinkle it with baking soda

If you want to preserve that just-cleaned scent in your rug, then we suggest sprinkling some baking soda on it. This will help absorb odors, then all you have to do is vacuum them up. You can take this one step further by mixing in some herbs with your baking soda.  Combine the herbs and baking soda and let them sit for a few hours. Then, sprinkle the baking soda/herb mix on to your rug and let sit. Wait about two hours and vacuum up the mix. Any unpleasant odors will be gone, and the fresh herbal scent will be left behind!

Need to get your rug to the just-cleaned condition you love? Contact our rug cleaning team in Louisville to make an appointment. You can call us or contact us through our website to get started!

Schedule a Rug Cleaning

LOUISVILLE, KY: 11300 Decimal Dr. Suite C Louisville, KY 40299

+1 (502) 327 – 1499

LEXINGTON, KY: 2051 Richmond Rd. Suite#125 Lexington, KY 40502

+1 (859) 272 – 4900

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Ohio Valley & Spring Allergies Mon, 23 Apr 2018 16:06:50 +0000 The post Ohio Valley & Spring Allergies appeared first on KHAZAI Rug Cleaning.


Ohio Valley & Spring Allergies

The average household has been shown to generate up to 40 pounds of dust per year! These contaminants can be harmful to health, especially for those who have asthma and/or Spring Allergies. Every year, the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America names the “Worst Cities in the United States for Spring Allergies.” : Louisville, KY made it into the top 5 every year and was #1 in 2014. 

Pollen forecast, spring allergies

Kentucky Bluegrass, spring allergies

Kentucky Bluegrass

There are other irritating, allergenic components we can fault about our locale—our vicinity to a stream bowl and the bowl-like structure of the Ohio Valley, our brown haze evaluations, and the dampness that hangs over us in the hotter months– for example. The impacts of environmental change likewise assume a part, as dust season in the spring and fall has extended up to a month over only a couple of years prior, and the climate is hotter earlier and later in the season.

Brown Haze in Louisville, KY, spring allergies

Brown Haze in Louisville, KY

The Foundation calculates rankings from examining the number of prescriptions filled for spring allergies and asthma medications, the quantity of allergists compared to population, as well the general level of pollen. Louisville will always be in the top 10 by this measure.

Some people think that moving to a different city will fix this problem. However, genetics also plays a factor, and those who move to other climes will usually develop environmental allergies in that area as well as time goes on.

Unfortunately, standard medical treatment such as prescription decongestants/inhalers, allergy shots and a healthy dose of prevention are the only proper defenses against spring allergies. So, the standard advice still applies. Don’t open your screen doors for air flow, as this brings pollens into the household.. Close your windows, decrease long periods being outdoors during high pollen times, and take a shower as soon as you come inside when you do.  Also, keep up to date on your prescription medicines and shots. And no matter how itchy your face gets, try to keep your hands away.

Pollen season may be miserable for allergy and asthma sufferers, it’s true. But, the pollen seasons are usually short and herald a sunny, hospitable summer or a cooler, scenic fall. It’s time to enjoy. Just know your limits!

Because your rug is your homes biggest air filter, you may want to bring it in to have it cleaned. Pollen and dust get trapped in your rug and if you don’t have it cleaned regularly, you are more likely to feel the effects of indoor pollutants.

Schedule a Rug Cleaning

LOUISVILLE, KY: 11300 Decimal Dr. Suite C Louisville, KY 40299


LEXINGTON, KY: 2051 Richmond Rd. Suite#125 Lexington, KY 40502


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10 REASONS TO TAKE YOUR SHOES OFF IN YOUR HOME Thu, 12 Apr 2018 17:36:48 +0000 10 REASONS TO TAKE YOUR SHOES OFF IN YOUR HOME   1. Cultural Background: Removing Shoes Growing up, my neighbors were from Iran. In numerous nations like Germany, Switzerland, Scandinavian nations and so on, removing shoes is common practice, when...

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1. Cultural Background: Removing Shoes

Growing up, my neighbors were from Iran. In numerous nations like Germany, Switzerland, Scandinavian nations and so on, removing shoes is common practice, when entering somebody’s home. The custom of removing shoes is far-reaching likewise in Eastern countries like Japan, Korea, and Turkey.

In these nations, it is viewed as a violation of social norms to stroll through a house with shoes on. In a few schools in Sweden, kids are even required to remove their shoes

In Japan, taking off shoes has an incredibly reasonable issue. Customarily, the floors in Japanese residences were secured with tatami mats which are utilized to sit on and to sleep on rather than seats and beds. Wearing shoes into the house would bring the mud, soil, and microorganisms into the house and you would sit and rest in all that

Although hard flooring is prevalent in most Japanese homes nowadays, the tradition of removing your shoes continues.

I guess you could say that from a cultural perspective, it is a sign of respect to remove your shoes before entering the home.

Some people may get offended when asked to remove their shoes when entering a home.They feel they are being imposed upon, and this may be a level of intimacy that they are not comfortable with. Many people simply do not want to show their socks are feet because in their culture it is not common.

Their home was always immaculate. Especially their carpet and oriental rugs. I remember the first time I walked into their home. I immediately removed my shoes because it was apparent that they took great care of their carpets and rugs and I wanted to be respectful.

This custom stems back to antiquated circumstances when homes were constructed over the ground. The rise gave ventilation, additionally isolating the home from the ground. The demonstration of venturing up symbolized entering somebody’s private space. Visitors took off their shoes before venturing up to the primary house. Indeed, even today all through Asia you’ll find most homes with either stairs up to the main entrance or a little passage underneath the primary zone.

A considerable measure of the accentuation stems back to neatness. Shoes isolate your feet from the earth and grime outside. Wearing them in the home just tracks in the earth over the floor. In Asia, quite a bit of everyday life revolves around the floor. You’ll often see families sitting on the ground, visiting, eating dinner or sleeping.

What kind of home did you grow up in? Was it one of those homes where your mom was always yelling for you to take off your shoes?

Many Americans have made removing their shoes a habit. Many of others still go straight from outside to the couch without ever taking off their footwear. Although many view taking off your shoes is a cultural practice, you might want to consider it for health reasons.



2. Bacteria

A study by the shoe company “Rockport” at the University of Arizona found 9 different species of bacteria on people’s shoe soles.—this is bacteria that could bring about infections in the stomach, eyes, and lungs. Reoccuring contact with the fecal matter also meant shoes carry disgusting bacteria like E. coli. If you wear those same shoes in your home, the bacteria will likely spread amongst your living space.  It was found by researchers that over 90 percent of the time, bacteria on shoes transferred to the tile floors of a home. Rugs and carpets showed even worse results. Here are some common cleaning mistakes that will leave your home full of germs

We’ll go straight for the “gross-out” factor here: Your shoes are picking up bacteria all day long. The researchers found 421,000 units of bacteria on the outside of the shoe, including E. coli, meningitis, and diarrheal disease; Klebsiella pneumonia, a frequent source for wound and bloodstream infections as well as pneumonia; and Serratia ficaria, a rare cause of infections in the respiratory tract and wounds, reports Reuters.

(Rug under ultraviolet light)

3. Toxins

An examination by Baylor University in 2013 demonstrated individuals who live close to black-top streets fixed with coal tar had an expanded danger of growth from poisons as they were brought in to the home by their shoes. Furthermore, the Environmental Protection Agency said in Environmental Science and Technology demonstrated that herbicides which are unhealthy could be followed in the home from the base of our shoes.

The specialists found that the herbicide 2,4-D could be transported efficiently inside utilizing shoes for up to seven days after application. Also, that, as well as the “track-in” exposures of these chemicals may surpass those from buildups on non-natural crisp products of the soil. The investigation didn’t explain the wellbeing risk of the particular herbicide. However, the examination’s lead creator, Dr. Robert G. Lewis, said the potential exists.

Being exposed to 2,4-D can cause quick and minor issues like skin rashes and gastrointestinal surprises; long-haul wellbeing impacts of the herbicide are obscure, the EPA said. Another investigation showed that:

4. Feces Are Present On Almost 100% Of Shoes

Walking around your home in shoes could similarly also be the same as wiping crap everywhere on your floors. The reason? A University of Houston study found that coliforms, which are present in feces, are found on 96% of shoe soles. Furthermore, 39% contain C.diff, an anti-toxin safe microscopic organisms that cause the runs, and 27% include E. coli. More people are dying of C. diff in the United States than of HIV. If this alone doesn’t persuade you to remove your shoes, I don’t know what will.

5. Not everything carried in on your sneakers is invisible to the naked eye.

Outside elements can build up on your shoes and transport into your home. Although it may not be toxic, carrying in dirt isn’t ideal.  It is easy to remove your shoes and/or invest in a doormat to help keep your living space clean and tidy.

6. Shoe Soles Are Dirtier Than Toilet Seats

It may sound unimaginable, however, the base of your shoes contain a larger number of microbes than a normal toilet seat. As indicated by Jonathan Sexton, an exploration colleague at the University of Arizona’s College of Public Health, toilet seats, for the most part, have around 1,000 microorganisms or less, while the soles of shoes typically play hosts to millions. Furthermore, talking about restrooms, open restroom floors have been found to contain more than 2 million microbes for each square inch, and you can wager a ton of that winds up on your shoes each time you go into the restroom.

7.Wear and tear

Regardless of whether you have room schedule-wise to clean, the more you clean your rugs, the more you scour your mats the more wear and tear, which means the sooner you’ll have to replace said floor covers. Removing shoes means spending less cash on your floor. Likewise, despite the fact that the wear and tear on shoes themselves are usually negligible when inside, it’s still wear and tear.

8. Shoes pick up small particles of grit that cause wear and tear to carpets

Your Grandma was absolutely right when she use to take the rug outside and beat it from the back. Beating the rug from the back knocks out all of the fine dirt and particles that are trapped deep down in your rug. This is why you should never take your rugs to a carpet cleaner to be cleaned. In the eyes of a carpet cleaner, all floor coverings are the same. Carpet cleaners surface clean which ends up pushing all of the dirt and grit further down into the foundation. This can form a rough, sandpaper-like clay in your rugs foundation which over time causes damage.

(Fine dirt that came from a rug)


For urban inhabitants stacked upon each other in condo structures, for what reason must you torment the first floor occupants with the clop-clop-clop of your shoes? Not wearing shoes inside makes for cheerful neighbors.

10. Comfort and health

Unless you have a medical problem in which the help of shoes reduces torment, regardless of how agreeable your shoes are, your feet are likely more joyful outside of them. Freeing your paws from the shoes that quandary enables you to squirm your toes and recover some life into your feet. What’s more, internally, removing your shoes can flag the progress from the enormous outside to the unwinding shelter of your home.

Also, the chance to be shoeless is useful for your feet. Studies have demonstrated that youngsters who routinely abandon shoes have fewer instances of flat feet, and also having more grounded feet with better adaptability and less podiatric deformations. This allows your foot muscles to do their thing encourages them to remain stable and adaptable.

We know there will be individuals who would prefer not to see others’ feet and additionally the individuals who will always evade the shoeless way. How do you feel about going shoeless?


Schedule a Rug Cleaning

LOUISVILLE, KY: 11300 Decimal Dr. Suite C Louisville, KY 40299


LEXINGTON, KY: 2051 Richmond Rd. Suite#125 Lexington, KY 40502



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What Makes A Masterpiece? Wed, 11 Apr 2018 17:26:34 +0000 The post What Makes A Masterpiece? appeared first on KHAZAI Rug Cleaning.


What Makes A Masterpiece?

What makes a masterpiece? If there were such a thing as a specific formula for creating one, then all artists would do so. Instead, a true masterpiece is the visual equivalent of capturing lightning in a bottle—a vector of time, place, genius and happenstance. Though they often look back to tradition, masterpieces become what they are by depicting something that hasn’t been seen before. There are no better examples than the ten famous paintings that follow, including some of the best Picasso paintings, works from Gustav Klimt and more. Wealthy buyers in the Persian Gulf and China have set a string of records as they have snapped up some of the world’s most important artworks in recent years.

Michelangelo's The Creation of Adam

Michelangelo’s The Creation of Adam (c. 1512), part of the Sistine Chapel ceiling, is considered an archetypal masterpiece of painting

There’s no doubt that many people would agree that the majority of artwork found in museums and private collections around the world are priceless. Being one of a kind, it makes it difficult to put a price on many works; however, almost on a daily basis, art is sold and bought, oftentimes bringing hefty price tags that most will never be able to afford. We take a look at some of the artworks—from Old Masters to contemporary works—that no one can deny are some of the most expensive in the world.

The fine art market is booming: Seems like every day, another auction record is set for “the highest price ever paid [fill in artist’s name here].” So what does that mean for the painting you bought to match your sofa a few years back? It may increase in worth, or it may be as salable as your kid’s pasta-filled craft project. So how do you tell? Well, as with any investment, you need to do your research and go beyond your comfort zone. The art market is fickle, and there are no guarantees of profitability, but with a little legwork and forethought you can fill your home with images that may prove worthy assets down the line. Consider these tips for choosing fine art and identifying the Michelangelo from the macaroni. The rarity of a work of art is what gives it value, so an original will always be worth more than a reproduction.

A painting by Pablo Picasso entitled Women of Algiers set a new world record for the most expensive artwork to be sold at auction after reaching over $179m. Another example, a painting by Paul Gauguin was reportedly purchased for $300m, making it the most expensive painting ever sold, at auction or in a private sale. The Picasso painting was last sold in 1997 to a seller, who put it up for auction for $31.9m. The painting has therefore appreciated over $147m in the past 18 years.

Here is a list of the top ten most expensive paintings ever sold (2017)

top ten most expensive paintings ever sold

Leonardo da Vinci, Salvator Mundi, c.1500, Oil on walnut

Leonardo da Vinci, Salvator Mundi, c.1500, Oil on walnut

Willem de Kooning, Interchange, 1955, Oil on canvas

Willem de Kooning, Interchange, 1955, Oil on canvas

Jackson Pollock, Number 17A, 1948, Oil on fiberboard

Jackson Pollock, Number 17A, 1948, Oil on fiberboard

Paul Cezanne, Card Players, 1892/93, Oil on canvas

Paul Cezanne, Card Players, 1892/93, Oil on canvas

Paul Gauguin, When Will You Marry?, 1892, Oil on canvas

Paul Gauguin, When Will You Marry?, 1892, Oil on canvas

Mark Rothko, No. 6 (Violet, Green and Red), 1951, Oil on canvas

Mark Rothko, No. 6 (Violet, Green, and Red), 1951, Oil on canvas

Rembrandt, Pendant portraits of Maerten Soolmans and Oopjen Coppit, 1634, Oil on canvas

Rembrandt, Pendant portraits of Maerten Soolmans and Oopjen Coppit, 1634, Oil on canvas

Pablo Picasso, Les Femmes d'Alger (English: The Women of Algiers), 1955, Oil on canvas

Pablo Picasso, Les Femmes d’Alger (English: The Women of Algiers), 1955, Oil on canvas

Amedeo Modigliani, Nu couché (also known in English as Red Nude), 1917, Oil on canvas

Amedeo Modigliani, Nu couché (also known in English as Red Nude), 1917, Oil on canvas

Roy Lichtenstein, Masteripiece, 1962

Roy Lichtenstein, Masterpiece, 1962

Most of these artists had no idea their works would appreciate these values or become as important in the art world because, until the artist’s death, they were producing the art. Once it became known that there would be no more work produced by the artist, the body of work they created during their life became increasingly more valuable over time. Unlike the known artists and their valuable works of art, the art of the hand-woven Oriental rug comes from the hands many different artistan, hand spinning wool, master dayers, master designers, master weavers and looms of many unknown artists who will remain anonymous while their works of art will live on.

Photo by: Hasan Fathian

Photo by: Hasan Fathian

With Oriental rugs, it is the entire art itself that is dying. There will be no more artists left to create these rare works of hand-made art. Prices are already beginning to soar as more and more investors become aware of the rarity of these rugs and the eventual death of this art form. When hand-woven rugs cease to be produced, the existing body of work will soar in value beyond everyone’s expectations.

Smart investors can see their window of opportunity is closing fast and that Oriental rugs produced by past and current artists will not be replaced. This once unknown art is now becoming known, especially throughout the investment community. In painting, there was one artist, one canvas, and paint. With Oriental rugs, it takes the hands of many artists to create a masterpiece. It takes artists to make the wool and dye as well. The supply will continue to diminish and the price of authentic Oriental rugs will continue to climb. It is time to move your money if you are an investor that is interested in protecting wealth and less risky investments. The appreciation in these works of art is assured to increase in value and importance because all of these Artisans are dying off and sadly they are not being replaced. Here are some recent examples of prices from the famous auctioneers at Sotheby’s and Christie’s for some of these hand-woven works of art.

For a Kerman rug, from the Safavid period, known as Sickle-leaf sold recently at Sotheby’s auction for over $2m

For a Kerman rug, from the Safavid period, known as Sickle-leaf sold recently at Sotheby’s auction for over $2m

Another example of a silk Persian Kerman rug from the Safavid period sold at Christie’s auction for $4. 45m and it was created by anonymous artists

Another example of a silk Persian Kerman rug from the Safavid period sold at Christie’s auction for $4. 45m and it was created by anonymous artists

Some Persian rugs are doubling in value in a just a single year. Recently a 17th century Persian Laver Kirman rug received a record bid of $9.59m at auction doubling the previous record. Antique rugs are appreciating at astronomical values and in the last few years, even some of the newer, finer rugs have tripled and quadrupled in value. With the decline in production and the expansion of the global economy, prices for these hand-woven pieces of art by anonymous artisans will continue to astonish the world. There is no better place to invest money now than in the appreciating world of authentic Oriental rugs. A tremendous return on investment is literally assured for these hand-woven masterpieces.

The world’s most expensive rug is this silk Isfahan rug measuring 7 ft. 7 in. x 5 ft. 7 in. which was sold by Christie’s in 2008 for a staggering price tag of US $4,450,000. There were several factors that contributed to this record price. Some of these factors are exceptionally high knot density, use of numerous colors, outstanding craftsmanship and the use of pure silk. Additionally, despite its age the rug was in very good condition with negligible end loss at the time of the sale. A significant fact about the sale price is that this price is not just the highest ever paid for a rug at an auction but also the highest amongst private rug sales.

With a sale price of US $182,500, the honor of the second most expensive rug goes to a Ziegler Mahal rug from central Persia. Factors that contributed to the high price of this rug were its excellent condition, its large print scale and its attractive palette of colors including light blue and terracotta. The rug measures approximately 18’ 6” x 10’ 9”.

The third spot on the list of most expensive rugs goes to another Ziegler Mahal rug with a sale price of US $170,500. Measuring roughly 416 square feet, this rug’s striking factors are generous size and attractive, soft colored color tones, which is quite unique in Mahal rugs.

The fourth most expensive rug is this brightly colored, compact Ushak rug measuring 4’10” x 3’11”. Steeped in symbolism, this design-rich rug sold for US$158,500.

The fourth most expensive rug is this brightly colored, compact Ushak rug measuring 4’10” x 3’11”. Steeped in symbolism, this design-rich rug sold for US$158,500.

5th most expensive rug in the world

This Isfahan rug measuring 16’1” x 6’ 11” was ranked as the 5th most expensive rug in the world with a sale price of US $116,500 ranked it as the 5th most expensive rug in the world. The factors that helped increase the value of the rug are its pleasing color combinations, intricate pattern design,and high decorative value.

Ziegler Mahal rug

The fact that yet another Ziegler Mahal rug made it into the top 10 list of most expensive rugs is a testimony to the high quality and the value of these types of rugs. Measuring 20’ 6” x 17’ and featuring deep royal colors and an elaborately patterned floral border, this Ziegler Mahal rug fetched US $98,500 at a Sotheby’s auction.

 Mohtashem Kashan carpet from central Persia is the 7th most expensive rug in the world

This Mohtashem Kashan carpet from central Persia is the 7th most expensive rug in the world. It was sold by Sotheby’s for $92,500. The excellent craftsmanship and execution coupled with its intricate designing and beautifully combined colors give this rug its highly decorative value.

Portuguese Armorial rug

With a sale price of US$80,500, this Portuguese Armorial rug earned the 8th position on the list of most expensive rugs. The rug measures 19’5” x 14’10” and features a single, central square medallion with an intricate border comprised of repeated oscillating patterns.

Fereghan rug

At 9th rank is this Fereghan rug with a price tag of US $74,500. Measuring 18’9” x 13’8”, this rug is representative of a typical Fereghan Sarouk design, which is highly favored by the majority of collectors.

Tabriz rug

Rounding off the top ten list is this Tabriz rug, which was sold by Sotheby’s for US $68,500. Originating from northwest Persia, this rug is a great example of traditional Mahi field patterns and colors. The rug measures 26’6” x 18ft3” and has an elaborate all-over repetitive pattern. Its border features striking turtle shell design elements that are highly appreciated and add additional value to the rug.

LOUISVILLE, KY: 11300 Decimal Dr. Suite C Louisville, KY 40299


LEXINGTON, KY: 2051 Richmond Rd. Suite#125 Lexington, KY 40502


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Rug Appraisal Tue, 30 Jan 2018 21:25:54 +0000 The post Rug Appraisal appeared first on KHAZAI Rug Cleaning.



We regularly prepare rug appraisals for rugs. Rug appraisals meet a wide array of needs, including insurance purposes, collateral loan agreements, and charitable contributions. Your rugs are described in detail, which includes origin, design, condition, construction, dimensions, age, and retail replacement value. The final legal document signed personally by Mr. David Khazai and is accepted throughout the industry by courts, estate planning professionals, the Internal Revenue Service, and insurance firms. Within one or two days the certified appraisal document will be given to you.


Over the last 20 years, we have been doing rug appraisals in Minneapolis, Minnesota; Naples, Florida; Dayton, Ohio; Cabo St. Lucus, Mexico; Louisville and Lexington, Kentucky; Nashville, Tennessee and partnerships in Cincinnati, Ohio; Chicago, Illinois and Seattle, Washington. We closed these stores to work on click and brick and to serve the Kentucky area exclusively.

We offer three ways to get your rug appraisal. You can come to our facility and bring your rugs to be appraised. This can be done at the same time your rugs are being cleaned or repaired. You can also send us a full picture of your rugs along with a close-up of the back, and the exact measurement of the rug and we will e-mail you a certified rug appraisal from our expert, David Khazai. If you would prefer we come to your home, we can do that also and do your rug appraisal on-site.

Our Rug Appraisal Certificate is a written appraisal where we document each rug, note the origin, category, type or regional area as well as the construction, materials and condition, age or in what circa your rug was made along with any other specifics. We include a photo, a description of the design, colors, and age along with other information, depending on your needs. David bases the valuation on the current replacement value. A separate computer generated page for each rug is also provided. We keep digital photos, notes and a digital copy of the rug appraisal so a new original copy can be produced for you if needed in the future. For your security, all of the appraisal work is kept in our office.


Rug Appraisal

To get a rug appraisal right away, call us at 1-502-327-1499 in Louisville and 1-859-272-4900 in Lexington. If you prefer, please leave a message and we will get back to you right away.

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Rug Damage – Protecting and Repairing your Investment Thu, 07 Dec 2017 12:45:40 +0000 Rug Damage A genuine hand-knotted Oriental rug is a worthwhile investment that will last a very long time if you take a few precautions. Protecting your rug from premature wear and rug damage is only to ensure your piece will...

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Rug Damage

A genuine hand-knotted Oriental rug is a worthwhile investment that will last a very long time if you take a few precautions. Protecting your rug from premature wear and rug damage is only to ensure your piece will be enjoyed by your children and grandchildren. Some common problems encountered by rug owners are discussed below.

Sun Damage

Most rug dyes are quite resistant to sun fading or bleaching. Still, ultraviolet rays are a powerful force of nature, and a rug will likely fade over time if used for years in a very sunny area. Consider sheer drapes to block some of the direct sunlight, and try to turn the rug end-for-end once a year to even out possible color changes. 

Moth Damage

It happens to even those who take the utmost care of their beautiful Persian or Oriental rug – moths get to the rug and cause rug damage.


Here are some tips on how to repair and/or take care of a rug beloved by moths.


* First, you will notice that moths have gotten to your rug because you will probably see bad spots or loose or broken pile.


* You also may see moths flying around the carpet. Moth cocoons, larvae in the rug’s pile, or tiny sand-like particles in the pile (these are moth eggs).


* Understand that moths do not eat your rug. They lay hundreds of eggs in wool and when the larvae hatch they are ones that eat the wool.

* You will not be able to repair moth damage yourself. You will need to take your rug to a professional with experience in the repair of Oriental rugs. If the rug damage is extensive, you may wish to have only the worst spots fixed.


To prevent moths in the future, regular cleaning should be a part of household routine. Be sure to vacuum the top of your rug at least weekly and also vacuum the rug’s backside several times a year. Do not forget to the pad and even the floor underneath the rug.


If you cannot reach certain areas of the rug (a part that is under a heavy sofa or the rug is hung on a wall) you can spray it with a non-staining household insecticide that is specifically for killing moths. The ingredients in many types of insects. The insecticide breaks down quickly after use, so they are considered safe to use in the home.

rug damage-moth damage


Moths will also attack a rug that is being stored. To prevent this, follow these steps:


* Make sure that the storage area is dry, cool (does not get damp or too hot) and has shades and/or blinds.

* Roll the rug up for storage.

* Do not place the rug standing up on a floor. It is best to lay it on a table, shelf or counter. If necessary, it is okay to place it on the floor (just make sure it is not a concrete floor).

* Roll the rug around a sturdy cardboard tube and then cover the rug with a sheet of muslin or an old bed sheet.

* The sheet should be long enough that it can be tucked into the “tube” the rug forms when rolled.

* Check the rug every six months for moth and/or mildew damage.


Carpet Beetles

Carpet beetles are another cause of rug damage. The Carpet beetle is the scourge of East Coast rug owners and the problem seems to grow each year. The adult is a small oval insect, dark with colored marks on the back, about a quarter of an inch long. Carpet beetles eat pollen and nectar, and often they are brought into the house on cut flowers. They lay eggs in dust and lint in dark and hard to access places. Both adults and larvae eat wool rugs (and sometimes silk rugs), but most rug damage is done by the larvae. While moths eat tracks through wool rugs, carpet beetles eat right through the rug, cotton foundation and all. They leave behind bristly “shells” of shed skin. The best control is prevention through fastidious housekeeping. Carpet beetles may be killed by freezing (-20 degrees F for three days), or through use of pyrethrin or other sprays.

rug damage-carpet beetles

Mildew and Dry Rot

Another cause of rug damage is mildew and dry rot. When rugs are wet for too long, they become mildewed and, eventually, suffer dry rot. The classic example is dry rot caused by a potted plant placed on a rug. The typical result is a horribly rotted circular area in a carpet that is otherwise in good condition. No matter if use a glazed pot and a glazed saucer or place a vapor barrier between the saucer and the rug- the rug will get wet and will stay wet eventually creating an unpleasant mess about one foot in diameter.

Another common situation arises when rugs are stored poorly, in a garage for instance, and they become wet without the owners realizing what has happened. Even though dry rot is not inevitable in such cases, a mildew smell is, and the smell of mildew often cannot be entirely eradicated.

Rugs also tend to absorb the brunt of the moisture when a leak occurs in the roof or a plumbing problem is present directly above the rug.

But do not worry needlessly… A little water on a rug, or even a lot of water, will not cause it to mildew unless the rug remains wet for a long period of time. For instance, rugs you step onto from a shower or bathtub rarely are hurt by water because they have time to dry out between uses. Don’t panic if you spill a glass of water on a rug. Just dry it as well as you can with towels, and if it dries over the course of several days the rug will suffer no lasting rug damage.

Unfortunately, besides causing mildew and dry rot, water sometimes causes dyes in rugs to bleed or run. All you can do in this situation is to get the rug dry as soon as possible, preferably with a water vacuum as outlined below.

A rug that is thoroughly wet is an entirely different monster. The goal is to dry it before it mildews in about four or five days. If you have a Shopvac or another vacuum that will take in water, vacuum out as much water as you can. Otherwise, lay the rug flat on its back outdoors and squeegee out as much water as you can. If all else fails and the rug has been wet for four or five days and you have no prospects of drying it soon, spray it with Lysol. If you must dry a wet rug indoors, keep air circulating around it with a fan or hairdryer. Many a rug has come through seemingly hopeless situations and come out in good shape. As always, the best solution to these issues is taking the rug to an Oriental rug cleaning specialist at Khazai.



Ends, Edges and Holes

Ends and edges are often the first parts of rugs that need attention as rugs age. It is vital to maintain them in good condition. Problems on the edge soon lead to more expensive problems with the body of a rug. Typically, a rug’s fringe begins to wear away noticeably within 10 or 15 years from the time the rug was new. It is nearly gone when the rug is 40-60 years old. Fringe can be replaced although new fringe on an old rug often looks inappropriate. Many people who are accustomed to old rugs simply get used to seeing eroded fringes and they do not fret over the appearance. Fringe is not fundamental to the structure, thus your rug will suffer no harm from its absence. Conversely, worn fringe is a sign that the end finish of the rug may be threatened by wear. Rugs are bound on their ends in a variety of ways. Each is designed to keep the foundation threads intact. When the foundation is frayed, a rug begins to lose its pile, and that requires work.

rug damage-worn fringe


Likewise, the edges of a rug, called selvages, need to be maintained. Selvages are wrapped with wool or cotton to protect the edges of the rug. Eventually this wrapping wears out and has to be replaced. This is routine work and not terribly expensive. To maintain a rug’s value it is important that a new selvage looks just like the old selvage: the same color, material and so on. Resist the temptation to replace the original selvage with a cheap, machine binding.


In summary

There are many causes of rug damage. A variety of other problems that need repair may beset a rug during its lifetime: holes, wrinkle lines, curling edges, visible wear, and moth damage. All of these rug damages can be fixed. 

If faced with any of these issues or something completely out of the ordinary, rest assured Khazai Oriental Rug Outlet has seen and dealt with your situation. Visit our website at, or call either our Louisville or Lexington locations to speak to an expert today. 


Check out our blog about emergency rug staings at

LOUISVILLE, KY: 11300 Decimal Dr. Suite C Louisville, KY 40299


LEXINGTON, KY: 2051 Richmond Rd. Suite#125 Lexington, KY 40502


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Two ways to identify handmade rug Thu, 19 Oct 2017 13:45:33 +0000 Two ways to identify handmade rug What to Look for: The term “selvage” is a combination of the words “self-edge,” which describes the finished edge of any woven textile. Oriental handmade rugs generally have selvages on the long side, while...

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Two ways to identify handmade rug

What to Look for:

The term “selvage” is a combination of the words “self-edge,” which describes the finished edge of any woven textile. Oriental handmade rugs generally have selvages on the long side, while Navajo rugs have selvages on all four edges. The function of a selvage is to keep the fabric of a rug from unraveling. These are the wrapped edges which run perpendicular to the fringed ends

Rugs often have a decorative overcasting of yarn covering the selvage that further protects the side of the rug from wear. Complex supplemental selvage structures are used in some rug weaving traditions to provide decoration and greater durability to the rug sides.

Selvages are usually made from the same material as the rug itself – they can be cotton, silk, wool or animal hair. Edges of rugs often receive heavy wear and selvage materials can become worn or damaged. Simple repair techniques can be used to protect or restore worn selvages.

A worn selvage can be re-overcast with yarn to cover wear. Damaged multi-cord selvage is more complicated to restore but can be recovered or re-woven easily if original warps are still in place. And Navajo side cords can be replaced when worn.

Not all rugs have true selvages. Original selvages are often cut off when rugs come from the loom, then new selvage wraps or other treatments are applied. This is common in Indian and Pakistani rugs. This is not common with rugs from Iran and it’s rare in Turkish and Chinese rugs. This cutting of the rug is done to straighten edges that may have come from the loom crooked. The cut edges are not structurally durable as the original woven selvages, but this “straight” look is what is perceived to be desirable for their export markets.

Oriental rugs are wrapped in yarn along the sides, also known as selvage, to protect the rug from wear and raveling. As the rug is walked on the selvage wrapping wears away and the foundation of the rug is vulnerable to wear and damage. 

Just as the rug can unravel on the ends, it can unravel from the sides. Rewrapping the worn selvage yarn is an important step to keeping the rug in good condition, extending the life of the rug

It is important to examine selvages when receiving rugs to identify worn or unstable areas to avoid further damage in cleaning and offer side repair options to your customer. The detached side cord on Pakistani rugs can be sewn back on with a simple repair stitch if the damage is not too severe.


What to look for: Fringe









These are the strands that wool (or silk) pile knots are twisted and tied around to create that rug. The fringe on hand knotted rugs is a continuation of the warp yarns of the rug.  On hand-woven rugs, the fringe tassels are the WARPS of the rug.

The fringe is part of the Oriental rug skeleton.

Then we have the kilim between the tassels of the fringe and the main body of the rug.  This flat weave portion of the ends of the rug help lock in the knots and give a decorative end to the rug. The fringe is made up of warp yarns and may or may not have a kilim in front of them. 

The knots in the fringe hold help hold the rug together.  If the kilim or fringe starts fraying or coming apart on your rug it is important to have it repaired as soon as possible to prevent additional more costly damage from occurring.

Fringes can be damaged by vacuums, pets, and general foot-traffic. They can also be permanently damaged by over-zealous rug and carpet cleaners who attempt to whiten them by using harsh bleaches.








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Abrash Coloration Thu, 12 Oct 2017 17:46:32 +0000 The post Abrash Coloration appeared first on KHAZAI Rug Cleaning.


Abrash Coloration

Oriental rugs, like any other unique product, come with their own terminology. Most words involved with Oriental rugs aren’t English. When the dealer speaks about these certain terms it is reasonable to assume the typical client will not understand what the dealer is saying. Abrash is a particular term that gets thrown around and is often misunderstood by the clients.  Abrash (pronounced ‘uh-brash’) coloration in rugs is the differing color patterns, colorations, and various shades or hues within a rug.

Some people consider Abrash to be a flaw in oriental rugs. But It is actually one of the most common and typical characteristics of a genuine oriental rug, and especially among older or ‘nomadic’ handmade rugs. It is widely known even the most perfect and seemingly rigid workshop rugs will have imperfections intentionally woven into the rugs to prove ‘no one is perfect but God.’  Abrash can be very consistent changes of color or can be inconsistent and even drastic.


In most cases, The use of hand-spun wool and dyes is what causes Abrash in an oriental rug.  Dyes are a very important part of the rug industry. Before to the 1900’s, synthetic dyes did not exist. Vegetable dyes were the only dyes available.  Making the vegetable dyes is a very complex and labor-intensive process. The dye makers are very skilled and take a lot of time to make dyes, however, the results are still relatively inconsistent.

 The raw resources used, such as natural indigo, madder root, and yellow larkspur vary depending upon weather, location, and harvest season.  Also, the creation of the dye and application of the dye will vary. This depends on the temperature and humidity during the process. An example of Abrash: when fuchsine dye was introduced in the early 1900’s to make a deep cranberry red. At first, the color matched perfectly with the other colors in the weaving. Time and sun exposure caused fuchsine to change to a very dusty light pink. Another way Abrash is created is during the wool spinning process, some areas may be spun tighter than others.  This can affect the rate of absorption and intensity of color when the material is dyed, Which may cause Abrash.

Examples of Abrash

 Sun Fading

Sometimes, Abrash gets confused with color fading from the sun.  There are two different ways to determine whether a rug has a naturally occurring Abrash or whether it has been damaged by sun fading. The first way is to look at the back of the same area of the rug. If there are no color variations, then it is most likely to be sun fading. This because the effects of sun fading would not go through to the back of the rug. The second way to find whether it’s sun fading or Abrash is to look in the pile by spreading the weaves apart. If the color is stronger toward the middle or bottom part of the wool, it would most likely be due to sun fading.

Abrash (left) vs Sun fading (right)


In the grand scheme of things, Abrash is certainly not a bad thing in oriental rugs. Some of the most expensive rugs in the world feature Abrash. People enjoy the “old” and unique look of it. Khazai Oriental rugs take on Abrash is that it’s great. It adds beauty and “one of a kind” feel to the certain rug. Machine-made rugs and synthetic dye companies actually have begun to include Abrash in designs to give the rug a unique feel.

We are able to clean, repair, or restore most rugs! With 5 generations of experience, we are THE Rug Experts!


11300 Decimal Dr, Louisville, KY 40299
(502) 327-1499


2051 Richmond Rd, Lexington, KY 40502-1205
(859) 272-4900

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Emergency Rug Stain Tips Wed, 13 Sep 2017 19:02:39 +0000 The post Emergency Rug Stain Tips appeared first on KHAZAI Rug Cleaning.

A rug stain such as this is no problem for our rug cleaning expertise
Coffee Stains are some of the most difficult to remove

You’re sitting at home relaxing on a brisk Fall afternoon, admiring your beautiful oriental rug from Khazai Oriental Rug Outlet, when your dog enthusiastically knocks your freshly brewed cup of joe off the coffee table. Your prized rug is now soaked and stained with the dark liquid and appears to be ruined and has created a rug stain. Your first reaction may be to frantically run to your kitchen to grab the nearest dish towel and scrub the life out of your rug to remove the rug stain, but doing that could destroy your precious piece of art. Instead of giving in to your instincts, follow these simple emergency care steps to your rug as quickly as possible.


Soaked and Stained Rug
Blot Liquid With Paper or Dish Towel

Blot Out The Rug Stain

Whether it’s red wine, coffee, Kool-Aid® or pet urine (which we discussed on a previous blog post), the first step is to remove as much of the spill as quickly as possible from the rug. Dry paper towels or a dish towel work well. Continue blotting until you have gotten out as much of the spill as possible.

Dilute The Rug Stain

After blotting, spills may require diluting with water as necessary, but be careful not to get the rug sopping wet unless you need to. If you completely soak an area, you will need to dry the rug from both the front and back in order to prevent mildewing.
Please note that some rugs have unstable dyes that may run if you soak them. Proceed with caution.

Wet Rug From Dilution From Rug Stain

Blotting Part 2: The Return Of Blotting

In this installment of blotting your stained rug, be sure to sop up any excess water used to dilute the stain to, once again, prevent mildewing.

How Worried Should You be about Mildew?

Very! Why in the world would you go to the trouble of cleaning your oriental rug just to have it smelling like you left your laundry in the washing machine before going on vacation? Be sure every part of the rug that is wet to the touch has a fan blowing air under that section of the rug, or the rug is hung outside.

Blotting and Diluting didn’t work. Now what do I do?

If these steps were not effective at removing the rug stain, schedule your rug to be professionally cleaned by the experts here at Khazai Oriental Rug Outlet. We provide FREE pick-up and delivery for your dirty rugs to ensure all your rugs look brand new. We use 100% green-friendly cleaning solutions, so your oriental rug won’t be damaged, as it potentially would be with steam or dry cleaning. Also, save 25% off any oriental rug serviced by dropping them off directly at our cleaning facility and picking them up once they’re done.

When we are cleaning your oriental rug, we first have to soak it thoroughly
Khazai Rug Cleaning – We’re The Rug Stain Experts

Use these simple emergency care steps and continue to enjoy the afternoon admiring your beloved oriental rug.

For questions regarding oriental rug cleaning, repair/restoration, or your next purchase, give us a call or come by the store. Want to connect online? We’d love to chat with you! Visit our Facebook Page today!

We are able to clean, repair, or restore most rugs! With 5 generations of experience, we are THE Rug Experts!

(502) 327-1499

(859) 272-4900

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